Ca Mau, which is located in Mekong River Delta, is a coastal province in the southernmost of Vietnam. It lies on Ca Mau Peninsula and shares border with Kien Giang Province to the north, Bac Lieu Province to the east, the East Sea to the east and the south, the Gulf of Thailand to the west. Ca Mau has a coastline of 254 kilometres long and belongs to the eastern coastal corridor of the Southwestern waters (Bac Lieu–Ganh Hao–Ca Mau–Nam Can). It lies in the center of ASEAN sea, especially in Thailand Gulf, which has great potentiality of oil and gas reserves, eco-tourism and sea travel.
The territory of Ca Mau is generally flat and low, and has no rock mountain in the mainland (there are some island clusters offshore). The average height of the terrain is from 0.5 to 1m above sea level. Those areas of fluvial sediment or fluvial-marine mixed sediment, marine-marsh mixed sediment or marsh sediment have a lower height (of average height or being sunken) accounting for 89% of the province’s area.
Ca Mau has a subequatorial tropical climate with a high temperature. (The average temperature is 26.50C, the highest temperature of the year is in April at 27.60C, and the lowest one is in January at about 250C).
The typical feature of the climate here is that the seasons are clearly distinguished: the rainy season is from May to November, the dry one is from December to April of the following year. The average humidity is 85.6%. In the dry season, the humidity is lower; especially in March, it is only about 80%. In general, Ca Mau has a temperate climate, which is lest severe than that of other provinces’.
With its dense rivers and canals system, Ca Mau is home to well-known forests: U Minh forest and Nam Can forest. Its interlacing rivers and canals have generated tangled flows in the province. Some offshore islands are: Hon Da Bac, Hon Khoai and Hon Chuoi. There are two types of forest in Ca Mau province: salt marsh and cajuput. The cajuput forest has the highest biological value among other types of natural forest, with high economic value and environmental protection.
Ca Mau has great potential in developing ecological tourism thanks to the salt-marsh ecological system and diversified flora and fauna system. Ca Mau is well-known for U Minh cajuput forest and Nam Can mangrove forest. Besides, there is also a historical vestige, Khoai Island, which is closely related to the insurrection led by hero Phan Ngoc Hien. Rather than those, Ca Mau is also well known for its bird sanctuaries: Cai Nuoc, Dam Doi, Ngoc Hien, etc. Most of all, Ngoc Hien bird sanctuary attracts more and more visitors.
Visiting Ca Mau, the southernmost of Vietnam, tourists will meet friendly southerners and join in the peaceful living atmosphere here.