is 300 km away from Hanoi
, located at the highest latitude in Vietnam. It is surrounded by Cao Bang, Tuyen Quang, Lao Cai, and Yen Bai. It shares a border with China in the north.
The province covers an area of 7.914,9 square kilometres, and its population was 746.300 peoples including Mong, tay, Dao, Nung, Kinh ethnic groups, ect. While the Mong is the largest ethnic minority group (according to statistic in 2009).
The topography of Ha Giang is very complex. It is divided into 3 regions. The north region has rocky mountains with high cliff, steep valleys and separated rivers and streams. The west region belongs to mountain massif of the upstream of Chay river with steep slopes, high passes, narrow valley and stream bed. The low land area includes mountains, hills, valley of Lo River, and Ha Giang City. The average temperature is between 24ºC – 28ºC and in winter, temperature sometimes is down to -5ºC.
The most popular rough area of Ha Giang is Dong Van
Rock Plateau, which is recognized by UNESCO as one of 77 geological parks worldwide. Lung Cu community existing inside Dong Van Rock Plateau is another indispensible location as it marks the really north pointer of Vietnam by Lung Cu Flag Tower on Dragon Mountain.
Not just that, Ha Giang is a venue of extravagant all-natural caverns such as Phuong Thien Cave, Chui Cavern, Fairy Cavern and also Swallow Cave. All the caverns provide wonderful scenery with superb shapes of stalactites, each one has its very own tale and qualities. Tale says that fairies utilized to bathroom in Fairy Stream inside Fairy Cave which is the source of its name.
Ha Giang is also prominent for its magnificent woodlands in which there are greater than 1,000 types of excellent woods, medication trees too unusual animals like tigers, peacock or pangolin.