Thanks to the long precious history, Hue has integrated material and spiritual values, which become its own unique special culture. On December 11th, 1993, it was classified by UNESCO as the world cultural heritage.
Hue is located in central Vietnam on the banks of Pefume River (Sông Huong), just a few miles inland from the East Sea. It is about 700 kilometers (438 miles) south of the national capital of Hanoi and about 1100 kilometers (690 miles) north of Ho Chi Minh City
Hue people take their pride in a long-lasting history. The city has gone through 7 centuries of establishment and development. Its obstacle-filled topography has given Hue a particular position in Vietnamese history. Towards the 13th century, it had already been added to the Dai Viet Kingdom as a gift from the Cham King when he married Princess (Huyen Tran of the Tran Dynasty. Then, Lord Nguyen Hoang chose Hue as the ( capital of the Southern Region (1558); King ( Quang Trung chose Hue as the capital of the ( Tay Son Dynasty (1788-1802); and King Gia Long chose Hue as the capital of the Nguyen Dynasty (1802-1945).
For approximately 400 years, Hue was the political and cultural centre of the Feudal State of Viet Nam. This explains why there are hundreds of historical and cultural remains located in the area. As such, (Complex of Hue Monuments was listed as a World Cultural Heritage Site in 1993. Once again, in 2003 Nha Nhac, Vietnames Court Music was recognized as World Heritage by UNESCO.
Hue is one of the main cultural, religious and educational centers of Vietnam. So far, Hue remains to be the only originally historical vestiged city in Vietnam. Many of Hue’s attractions are found along the banks of the romantically named Perfume River with 11km length. This valuable construction includes more than 100 architectural works, which are the reflection of the life of Emperors and mandarins under Nguyen’s reign.
Architecture in Hue is the combination of royal architect, folk, religious ones, tradtional and modern sides. On December 11th, 1993, it was classified by UNESCO as the world cultural heritage. On the north bank of the river is the Imperial Citadel, built along the line of Peking’s Forbidden City, enclosed by 10-metre thick walls and surrounded by a moat. A few kilometers further up the river are perhaps Hue’s best-known religious site. Inside the citadel, there are still wonders. For example, the seat of the Nguyen emperors occupying a large, walled area on the north side of the river. Inside the citadel was a forbidden city where only the concubines, emperors, and those close enough to them were granted access, the punishment for trespassing was death penalty.
If you like something mysterious and valuably architectural, you should take a visit to the tombs of ancient Kings. Situated in the middle of the hills on the Southern bank of Perfume River are very beautiful tombs of Nguyen Kings. Among these tombs are the four famous ones with the name and the arrangements of the tomb reflecting each Emperor’s points of view, personality, and tastes. This is majestic Gia Long tomb, imposing Minh Mang tomb, poetic Tu Duc tomb and magnificent Khai Dinh tomb. No architects who would like to discover ancient architecture of Vietnam could ignore Hue’s old citadel vestiges.