Ba Dinh Square

Located in Ba Dinh district, Hanoi, Ba Dinh Square is the leading historical site of the capital city where President Ho Chi Minh on September 2, 1945 proclaimed the Declaration of Independence giving birth to the Democratic Republic of Vietnam – the first Southeast Asian democratic state. 
 
Ba Dinh Square viewed from above 

This place used to be West gate of the Old Hanoi Citadel. In the early of French colonial time, the French destroyed it to build the Puginier Round Point. Until 1945, it was named “Ba Dinh Square”. The Ba Dinh name was to memorize the uprising of the hero Dinh Cong Trang against the French that occurred in Ba Dinh area, Nga Son district, Thanh Hoa Province from September 1886 to January 1887.

Ba Dinh Square witnessed a lot of the nation’s important historical events. At this square, on 2nd September 1945, President Ho Chi Minh read the Declaration of Independence to a crowd of half million Vietnamese people to give a birth to the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (now the Socialist Republic  of Vietnam).That was a historical and happy moment for Vietnamese to cheer up the nation’s independence and unity ending the French’s colonial domination of nearly 100 years and the Japanese cruel fascism of almost 5 years. Also at this square,the funeral of President Ho Chi Minh was organized in 24 years later, in 1969. International delegates and Vietnamese garthered here to mourn and cry to send off Uncle Ho- the great leader. Then this square was chosen by in-power Vietnamese government as a site to construct Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum as a final resting place of President Ho Chi Minh so that the great father of Vietnamese people can be forever remembered. Except from these great events, the Square also witnessed other highlighted events of the country such as a solemn rally of the Central Committee of Vietnam Labour and Government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam came back to Hanoi capital on January 1, 1955, a rally celebrating national reunification on September 2, 1975, parade celebrating Millennial Anniversary of Hanoi in 2010.  

  Ho Chi Minh President read the Proclamation of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam on September 2, 1945

Ba Dinh Square on September 2, 1945 

Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum

Nowadays, the Square has the length of 320m and the width of 100m. In the middle of the Square, there is a flagpole with 25 meters high.  Ba Dinh square is the place that the nation annually holds the celebration of  the national day – 2nd September  with military parades.

 Parades to celebrate the National Day on Sep 2, 2015 at Ba Dinh Square

The parade of the representative group of Vietnamese students on September 2, 2015

Visiting Ba Dinh Square, you can experience impressive moments of flag raising and lowering ceremony at 6am and 9pm everyday with excited orchestra and national anthem performed by military soldiers in white uniforms. Interestingly, after flag salutation rituals, the square is then a popular gathering place for the locals: families who want a walk, elderly who want to exercise and friends who want to hang out.
The flag lowering ceremony 
Ba Dinh Square is the warm heart of Hanoi capital