Located in Bai Tu Long Bay- Halong in the northeastern part of Quang Ninh province, Ba Mun Island
is one of the largest and most beautiful clusters of isles with the greatest abundance of flora in Bai Tu Long National Park. It is an extremely interesting destination for lovers of adventure and nature.
The east of the island (known locally as the “exterior”) is pummeled by strong waves with water spray launching tens of metres high, while the west (the “interior”) features tranquil scenery and calm water that ripples against the side of boats.
It is 15km from the shore, 1,800ha in area with more than 20km long and narrow wide. It consists of a narrow stretch of earth and stone that runs east to west. The highest peak is Quit Mountain with a height of 397m. The fauna and flora here are very plentiful. There are many rare species.
It is notable that the Lan hai orchid (Cypripedioideae), which was mistakenly thought to be extinct a few years ago, still exists here. At present, this orchid species is found only in Lao Cai and Ba Mun.
It is the only island in Halong Bay
that is home to a primitive forest. In order to help preserve the forest, on January 24, 1997, the government recognised it as a Bai Tu Long National Park.
There are countless species of plants and trees, some with giant trunks. This forest is also home to many rare animals including the golden deer, which is still quite populous and the only population in northeast Vietnam. Golden deer often search for food at night. Therefore, it is hard to spot them during the day but visitors can see their footprints.
There are a lot of other species of animals such as antelope, monkeys, langurs and more, as well as sea and migratory birds. With its diverse fauna, Ba Mun Island
is the largest wild animal reserve in the southeast region. For this reason, locals often call it “ Animal Island”.
On Ba Mun Island, there are seven large streams with unique names such as O Lon To (big pigsty) and O Lon Con (small pigsty), as well as Mieu Danh, Van Lau, Cao Lo streams, and Che flume. The water runs all year round and is very clean thanks to large coverage of the forest. This is a valuable source of fresh water amidst the vast sea.
Travelling to Ba Mun, tourists can explore on their own, following some natural trails on the island or patrol routes serving forest management. It takes at least 3 days to complete a tour of Ba Mun Island and 5 hours if going around the island by motorboat.