Located at Hoa Hai Ward, Ngu Hanh Son District, 8 km to the southeast of the central Da Nang, the Marble Mountains is one of the most interesting destinations in this habour city.
The Marble Mountains consists of 5 mountains with many mysterious caves, Buddha statues and beautiful pagodas. Each mountain is named after the natural element it is said to represent: Thuy Son (Water), Moc Son (Wood), Hoa Son (Fire), Kim Son (Metal or Gold) and Tho Son (Earth).
Metal Mountain (Kim Son) is located in the Southeast, on the bank of Co Co River. Travelling by boat, tourists can contemplate the beautiful scenery. Ben Ngu, the place, the Kings often stayed each time come to Ngu Hanh Son. Today, it did not exist; however, people can see one ironwood pillar near the Quan Am pagoda.
On the foot of Kim Son Mountain, there has a cave with 50 meters length, 10 meters width and 10-15 meters height. The entrance has natural stone steps, the stalagmite creates Guan Yin statue, which is beautiful and lively.
Wood Mountain (Moc Son)
Moc Son is located near the sea, Thuy Son Islet to the East. The East and South is sand cave, the North is fields and the West is villages. Although it has the name “Wood Mountain”, it has fewer trees. The top mountain is divided into cog-shape as cock spur, so that it also has the name “Mong Ga” Mountain (cock spur mountain).
On the mountain, there has no pagoda; it only has white marble stone as the shape of people. The local people often call “Co Mu” or Guan Yin. In addition, there has small cave named Ba Trung Mountain. In two wars in Vietnam, local people and revolutionary cadre often used this place as shelter.
Water Mountain (Thuy Son)
Water Mountain is located on the area of 15 hectares and it is the highest mountain in Ngu Hanh Son. The mount has 3 tops as three Tam Thai stars so that it is named Tam Thai Mountain. The highest mountain in the northwest is Thuong Thai mount, Trung Thai is in the South and Ha Thai mount is in the East. The pagodas and caves concentrated in Thuy Son. Thuong Thai mount has Vong Giang Dai, Pho Dong tower, Tu Lam pagoda, Tam Tam padoda, Tham Thai padoda, Hanh Cung padoda, Hoa Nghiem cave, Huyen Khong cave, Linh Nam cave and Lang Hu cave. On Trung Hai Mount, there have two entrances: Thien Phuoc Dia, Van Can Nguyet and some caves such as: Van Thong cave, Thien Long Cave, Van Nguyet Grotto. Ha Thai mount has Vong Hai Dai, Linh Ung Pagoda, Ngu Coc cave, Tang Chan, Fairy well and Am phu Cave.
Fire Mountain (Hoa Son)
Hoa Son includes two mountains and one stone line combining them. The mountain near Kim Son to the West is Duong Hoa Son, located on the Co Co River. On the Western mountain side to the North, opposing to Kim Son, there has 3 words of Han script “Duong Hoa Son” which are sculptured into the mountainous wall. In the mountain, there has grottos and Pho Son Da pagoda.
Earth Mountain (Tho Son)
Tho Son is located on the Northern Kim Son islet and Southern Thuy Son islet. This is the longest mountain in Ngu Hanh Son. The Western Tho Son is Ba Cha River. In the mountain, there has entrance that faces to the South-West; its name is Coc grotto or Bo De grotto. During two wars in Vietnam, Bo De grotto was considered as natural shelter for local people and revolutionary cadre.
On the Northern Tho Son, to the Da Nang, there has Long Hoa pagoda. It was built in 1992. This terrain contributes to the beauty of whole picture of Non Nuoc- Ngu Hanh Son Mountain.